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Culture of Lithuania

At the top of the 19th century a Lithuanian cultural and linguistic revival occurred. Lithuania declared independence after World War I, which helped its nationwide consolidation. However, the eastern elements of Lithuania, including the Vilnius Region, have been annexed by Poland, while the Klaipėda Region was taken over by Nazi Germany in 1939. In 1940, Lithuania was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union, and forced to hitch it because the Lithuanian SSR. The Germans and their allies attacked the USSR in June 1941, and from 1941–1944, Lithuania was occupied by Germany. The Germans retreated in 1944, and Lithuania fell under Soviet rule once once more.

Lithuania’s ethnic composition has undergone important changes throughout history. The most vital considered one of these was the extermination of Jews during the Holocaust. Before World War II, approximately 7.5% of Lithuanians had been Jewish, known as Litvaks. Almost all of Lithuania’s Jews both had been killed by Nazi Germany or emigrated, and the 2001 census solely counted 4007 Jews.

Lithuanians didn’t learn Prussian Lithuanian publications and vice versa; the cultural communication was very limited. Attempts to create a unified newspaper and customary orthography for all Lithuanian speakers firstly of the 20th century have been unsuccessful. The German language used by Prussian Lithuanians belongs to the Low Prussian dialect of Low German, Mundart des Ostgebietes subdialect. The scenario was somewhat higher within the former Memel Territory however even there churches and cemeteries were destroyed.

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Exports equaled 81.31 % of Lithuania’s GDP in 2017. Lithuania also cooperates with Nordic and the 2 other Baltic international locations by way of the NB8 format. A related format, NB6, unites Nordic and Baltic members of EU.

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Although linguistic resemblances represent sturdy cultural ties with Latvia in varied historical moments Lithuania was influenced by Nordic, Germanic and Slavic cultures. Various cultural changes occurred all through Lithuania’s transformation from a country occupied by the Soviet Union to an independent Baltic state. London and Glasgow (especially the Bellshill and Coatbridge areas of Greater Glasgow) have lengthy had giant Catholic and Jewish Lithuanian populations. The Republic of Ireland in all probability has the highest concentration of Lithuanians relative to its total inhabitants dimension in Western Europe; its estimated 45,000 Lithuanians (about half of whom are registered) type over 1% of Ireland’s complete population.

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Forests occupy one third of the country’s territory and timber-related industrial production accounts for almost eleven% industrial manufacturing within the country. Lithuania has 5 nationwide parks, 30 regional parks, 402 nature reserves, 668 state-protected natural heritage objects. Lithuania skilled a drought in 2002, inflicting forest and peat bog fires. The country suffered together with the remainder of Northwestern Europe during a warmth wave in the summer of 2006. The average annual precipitation is 800 mm (31.5 in) on the coast, 900 mm (35.4 in) in the Samogitia highlands and 600 mm (23.6 in) in the jap a part of the country.

Lithuania–Poland relations

The inland river cargo port in Marvelė, linking Kaunas and Klaipėda, obtained first cargo in 2019. Transportation is the third largest sector in Lithuanian financial system. Lithuanian transport firms drew attention in 2016 and 2017 with large and report-breaking orders of vehicles.

On 20 April 1990, the Soviets imposed an financial blockade by ceasing to deliver provides of uncooked supplies (primarily oil) to Lithuania. Not only the domestic industry, but in addition lithuania women the population began feeling the lack of gasoline, essential items, and even scorching water.

A 2004 analysis of MtDNA in the Lithuanian inhabitants revealed that Lithuanians are close to the Slavic and Finno-Ugric talking populations of Northern and Eastern Europe. Y-chromosome SNP haplogroup analysis confirmed Lithuanians to be closest to Latvians and Estonians. Lithuanian Railways’ main community consists of 1,762 km (1,095 mi) of 1,520 mm (four ft 11.eight in) Russian gauge railway of which 122 km (seventy six mi) are electrified.

Postmodernist rock band Antis and its vocalist Algirdas Kaušpėdas have been some of the lively performers who mocked the Soviet regime by utilizing metaphors. For instance, in the music Zombiai (Zombies), the band indirectly sang concerning the Red Army soldiers who occupied the state and its navy base in Ukmergė.